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The best gift ever, one can give to his lover is a cervical cancer injection..!!

Thursday, December 9, 2010

Cervical cancer is the second most common malignancy in women worldwide, and it remains a leading cause of cancer-related death for women in developing countries. According to HPV each year worldwide almost 5,10,000 cases are reporting. The number itself shows the impact of the disease in the present world.
Causes
Human papillomavirus

HPV is a heterogeneous group of viruses that contain closed circular double-stranded DNA. The viral genome encodes 6 early open reading frame proteins (ie, E1, E2, E3, E4, E6, E7), which function as regulatory proteins, and 2 late open reading frame proteins (ie, L1, L2), which make up the viral capsid.

To date, 77 different genotypes of HPV have been identified and cloned, among which, types 6, 11, 16, 18, 26, 31, 33, 35, 39, 42, 43, 44, 45, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 58, 59, 66, and 68 have the propensity to infect anogenital tissues.
HPV infections are very common. It usually passes from one person to another through sexual contact. HPV can cause changes to cells in the cervix. If the changes are found clearly, cervical cancer can be prevented by removing or killing the changed cells before they become cancer cells.
Stages
The stage is based on where cancer is found. These are the stages of invasive cervical cancer:
·         Stage I: The tumor has invaded the cervix beneath the top layer of cells. Cancer cells are found only in the cervix.
·         Stage II: The tumor extends to the upper part of the vagina. It may extend beyond the cervix into nearby tissues toward the pelvic wall (the lining of the part of the body between the hips). The tumor does not invade the lower third of the vagina or the pelvic wall.
·         Stage III: The tumor extends to the lower part of the vagina. It may also have invaded the pelvic wall. If the tumor blocks the flow of urine, one or both kidneys may not be working well.
·         Stage IV: The tumor invades the bladder or rectum. Or the cancer has spread to other parts of the body.
·         Recurrent cancer: The cancer was treated, but has returned after a period of time during which it could not be detected. The cancer may show up again in the cervix or in other parts of the body.
Symptoms
1.    Abnormal Vaginal bleeding
§  Bleeding occurs between regular menstrual periods
§  Bleeding after sexual intercourse
§  Menstrual period that last longer and are heavier than before
§  Bleeding after going through menopause
2.    Increased vaginal discharge
§  Pelvic pain
§  Pain during sex
If you feel these symptoms better you can consult a doctor immediately and do the tests.
Detection and treatments
1.        Colposcopy: The doctor uses a colposcope to look at the cervix. The colposcope combines a bright light with a magnifying lens to make tissue easier to see. It is not inserted into the vagina. A colposcopy is usually done in the doctor's office or clinic.
2.        Biopsy: Most women have tissue removed by providing with local anesthesia. A pathologist checks the tissue under a microscope for abnormal cells.
a)       Punch biopsy: The doctor uses a sharp tool to pinch off small samples of cervical tissue.
b)       LEEP: The doctor uses an electric wire loop to slice off a thin, round piece of cervical tissue.
c)       Endocervical curettage: The doctor uses a curette (a small, spoon-shaped instrument) to scrape a small sample of tissue from the cervix. Some doctors may use a thin, soft brush instead of a curette.
d)       Conization: The doctor removes a cone-shaped sample of tissue. A conization, or cone biopsy, lets the pathologist see if abnormal cells are in the tissue beneath the surface of the cervix. The doctor may do this test in the hospital under general anesthesia.

Removing tissue from the cervix may cause some bleeding or other discharge. The area usually heals quickly. Some women also feel some pain similar to menstrual cramps.

You have to undergo regular Pep tests (cervical smear preparation). It is not painful. The nurse will take the scrapes of a sample of cells from the Cervix. If you get an abnormal Pap test then you have to do the test for HPV infection. If both are positive then you have to undergo radiation therapy and chemotherapy.

How to avoid the chance of infection?

Now we can prevent the chance of infection of the virus by taking cervical cancer vaccine. The common vaccines in use are Gardaril and Cervarix. There is a series of injections over a six month period. The second one, two months after the first, followed four months later by the third dose. This series injection will help the maintenance of the antibody. The recent study shows that each dose increase the antibody level in the woman’s body.

At present there is a decline in the number of cases of cervical cancer due to the implementation of cervical cancer vaccine. It is given usually to the girls in the age group between 11 and 13. That is before their reproductive life. It is proved that the vaccine is effective in sexually active women age 26 or younger, some of whom had already been infected with one or more types of HPV. Even after vaccination you should undergo Pap tests regularly to check the complete absence of the disease. Even though it is using commonly there are some side effects too. Mostly it seen as minor but in some women it may leads to the paralysis of the body.


For Human papillomavirus infection photos: please visit,





So I will request all the women to take a cervical cancer vaccination so that you can avoid the chance of getting an infection which leads to the cervical cancer.

Please make sure that you have taken the injection before you enter into your sexual life. Please contact the best doctor in your area and follow the instructions.

Remember “prevention is better than cure”.

                        http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cervical_cancer



Yours

2 comments:

അംജിത് said...

Hi Mon,
I could not follow most of the scientific terms and phrases you have used, but realized that you are discussing something which is serious. Waiting for a day when somebody else or many people around the globe quoting you, in their blog posts, reports, papers and all. I would like to see Dr.Arjun AB receiving Nobel Prize on some anniversary of this comment. All the best.
With Love

My Journey said...

hhh..anyway thanks for the comment dear.Continue reading and posting comments.

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