Among young people in 15 of the countries most severely affected by the epidemic, the rate of new HIV infections has fallen by more than 25% thanks to safer behaviours and practices, including delayed sexual debut, partner reduction and increased condom use.
Education is an important factor in this development, indicates Irina Bokova, Director-General of UNESCO in her World AIDS Day message. HIV infection rates are halved among those who finish primary school, while targeted HIV and AIDS prevention education builds knowledge and positive attitudes among young people.
However, there is still a long way to go before the progress is universal or equal. In many countries, women face their greatest risk of infection before the age of 25.
World AIDS Day events around the world include parades, theatre, art exhibitions conferences and awareness-raising campaigns. In UNESCO Headquarters, an exhibition of photos and texts shows students and teachers speaking out about HIV in Africa. A consultation on the needs of young people living with HIV will follow on 7-9 December.